Pathological Maniacs Creating Biological Weapons For Culling the Human Herds
Covid 19 and Anthony Fauci Dossier
World shocking evidence exposing big pharma and naming names in true crimes against humanity in preventative medicine. This vaccine patent and fraud research book free with limited edition collectible cover artwork by Stan Q. Upjohn.
Dossier evidences medical crimes against humanity for financial gain of puppet masters. Dossier by Dr. Martin is fully released under a Creative Commons license CC- BY-NC-SA. For twenty years my company M·CAM has been monitoring possible violations of the 1925 Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare (the Geneva Protocol) 1972 Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, and Stockpiling of Bacteriological and Toxin Weapons and Their Destruction(the BTWC). In our 2003-2004 Global Technology
Assessment: Vector Weaponization M·CAM highlighted China’s growing involvement in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology with respect to joining the world stage in chimeric construction of viral vectors. Since that time, on a weekly basis, we have monitored the development of research and commercial efforts in this field, including, but not limited to, the research synergies forming between the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes for Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), Harvard University, Emory University, Vanderbilt University, Tsinghua University, University of Pennsylvania, many other research institutions, and their commercial affiliations. The National Institute of Health’s grant AI23946-08 issued to Dr. Ralph Baric at the University ofNorth Carolina at Chapel Hill (officially classified as affiliated with Dr. Anthony Fauci’s NIAID by at least 2003) began the work on synthetically altering the Coronaviridae (the coronavirus family) for the express purpose of general research, pathogenic enhancement, detection, manipulation, and potential therapeutic interventions targeting the same. As early as May 21, 2000, Dr. Baric and UNC sought to patent critical sections of the coronavirus family for their commercial benefit. In one of the several papers derived from work sponsored by this grant, Dr. Baric published what he reported to be the full length cDNA of SARS CoV in which it was clearly stated that SAR CoV was based on a composite of DNA segments. “Using a panel of contiguous cDNAs that span the entire genome, we have assembled a full-length cDNA of the SARS-CoV Urbani strain, and have rescued molecularly cloned SARS viruses (infectious clone SARS-CoV) that contained the expected marker mutations inserted into the component clones.” On April 19, 2002 – the Spring before the first SARS outbreak in Asia – Christopher M. Curtis, Boyd Yount, and Ralph Baric filed an application for U.S. Patent 7,279,372 for a method of producing recombinant coronavirus. In the first public record of the claims, they sought to patent a means of producing, “an infectious, replication defective, coronavirus.” This work was supported by the NIH grant referenced above and GM63228. In short, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was involved in the funding of amplifying the infectious nature of coronavirus between 1999 and 2002 before SARS was ever detected in humans. Against this backdrop, we noted the unusual patent prosecution efforts of the CDC, when on April 25, 2003 they sought to patent the SARS coronavirus isolated from humans that had reportedly transferred to humans during 2002-2003 SARS outbreak in Asia. 35 U.S.C. §101 prohibits patenting nature. This legality did not deter CDC in their efforts. Their application, updated in 2007, ultimately issued as U.S. Patent 7,220,852 and constrained anyone not licensed by their patent from manipulating SARS CoV, developing tests or kits to measure SARS coronavirus in humans or working with their patented virus for therapeutic use. Wake up and read this!
David Martin presents hard evidence showing COVID-19 is a man-made bioweapon.
David E. Martin PhD is the developer of several innovation-based quantitative indices of public equities and founder of the Purple Bridge Funds and M-CAM International. He has worked closely with the United States Congress and numerous trade and financial regulatory agencies in the United States. Dr. Martin is also a Batten Fellow at the University of Virginia’s Darden Graduate School of Business Administration.
Since 1999, Dr. Martin has been actively tracking patent applications and approvals for the purpose of identifying suspicious activity. In the 94-minute video shown below, he shares the findings from his research regarding the laboratory development of a pathogenic coronavirus that started in 1999 and was released initially upon human populations in the SARS CoV-1 in 2002-2003, then again in MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome in 2012, and then again in SARS CoV-2 which was renamed COVID-19, as shown below with evidence from the primary development lab in Wuhan China.
In my opinion, the evidence presented below along with additional evidence presented in the video proves that all of these pathogenic variants of the coronavirus were laboratory developed, man-made bioweapons. And they’ve all been funded by the NIAID under the direction of a self-proclaimed Jesuit, Dr. Anthony Fauci.
The following quotes from Dr. Martin were transcribed from the video.
“Historically, coronaviruses have not been associated with significant illnesses in humans. So how is it that suddenly in 2002 going into 2003 that we have this magical alteration in beta coronaviruses that suddenly makes them lethal?
And that question is the fundamental question that is behind an inquiry that we’ve been on since 1999 and Ralph Baric and NIAID’s (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) first efforts to figure out a way to increase the pathogenicity of beta coronaviruses.
In 1999, there was a grant given to Ralph Baric at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and in that grant there was an effort to figure out how to amplify certain pathogenicities of what was called recombinant technology around coronavirus. Baric had a decade plus history in working with coronaviruses generally. He had done a lot of work in veterinary science around cardiac conditions for rabbits. There was a huge amount of research around cardiomyopathy in rabbits that had something to do with coronavirus. But in 1999, NIAID funded a project in which we first saw the amplification of pathogenic components of the beta coronavirus. (Note: Anthony Fauci has been Director of NIAID since 1984.)
And it’s very important to understand that happened in 1999 and the work that was done between 1999 and then published in 2002 and 2003 actually started suggesting that there were parts of the coronavirus that could be modified, specifically the Ace-2 receptor and the S-1 spike protein, that could be modified to increase the degree to which the coronavirus could represent a health threat to humans.
Let that just settle in for a moment. Three years before we have the first SARS outbreak (in 2002-2003, called SARS1) we have researchers who are working on amplifying the pathogenicity of the things that make coronavirus extremely harmful to the human system. Now, that feels like that should invoke in at least one or two people a set of questions, which is, how is it that we went for allegedly whatever our evolutionary time frame is where we were coexisting with coronaviruses and suddenly we started manipulating them with recombinant technology in 1999, 2000, 2001, and suddenly nature figures out a way to make these things also highly pathogenetic, in 2002 and 2003, using the exact same mechanism that we’ve done in the lab. Possible? Yes. Plausible? Not a chance.
What makes it even less a chance is if we look at what was actually being patented at the time because we’re actually looking specifically at the sections of coronavirus that are those sections that are specifically modified in the laboratory which happen to also be the things that allegedly become modified by nature. Suspicious? Yes. Possible? Of course. Nature and humans could have been following this exact same trajectory. Plausible? Not so much.
And what makes it less plausible is that we start seeing that the coronavirus in its alleged zoonotic and alleged, you know, kind of natural pathogenicity enhancement happens to be happening at the exact same place that researchers are doing the same work. That seems to be a highly implausible story regardless of who is telling it.
But, what we saw in the wake of 2003 was that the Department of Health and Human Services, remember they’re the umbrella organization that controls the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the National Institute of Health, NIAID, and the funding mechanisms that ultimately go to laboratories across this country and around the world, what we saw was an increased amount of funding going into coronavirus research and the research was specifically focused on, not only the detection of but also the amplification of the pathogenicity of SARS coronavirus.
Now, a number of people have not paid attention to the evolution of this, but what you have in the written record, in the published record from Ralph Baric’s lab, in the public record from a number of other laboratories, you see from 2003 right up until 2012, a proliferation of work around the amplification of attributes of coronavirus that are specifically targeting tissue that is going to be highly susceptible in the lungs and potentially susceptible in the kidneys because the Ace-2 receptor seems to be something that has an enormous amount of attraction in terms of the research.
But we see all this research being done and we’ve been told that the Department of Health and Human Services was doing it because they were very interested in making sure that they could control a response to a potential outbreak somewhere down the road, but during that entire period, there was no vaccine, there was no treatment and there was no diagnostic developed. And that is because the Center for Disease Control also filed patents on the detection of coronavirus and on the treatment for coronavirus. In other words, they built a patent thicket around beta coronavirus stimulating SARS and they built a thicket through which independent inquiry could not happen outside of the important exception, which is people who would play their game.
We’re in a situation where you control the actual thing to test. You control the means of its detection. And you control the mechanism that actually involves the treatment of that the patents held by Ralph Baric, the patents held by the Center for Disease Control, ultimately the 5,111 patents that were issued from the period across from 2003 right up until 2019, the 5,111 patents were all issued within this interesting funding and research and inter-related directorates and inter-related corporate private public partnership kinds of relationships, all of those patents issued around the core platform that said that the CDC was going to adjudicate who could or could not make an independent inquiry.
And so the known regions of alteration have been targets of research funded by NIAID since 2012 and so this idea that somehow or another a magical new strain appeared which has no similarity to anything we’ve seen before is actually patently false.
Since 1999, humans have been manipulating properties of the beta coronavirus model and they have manipulated them such that they become more pathogenic to humans. We saw that emerge in the 2002-2003 outbreak. We saw it kind of resurface in the MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak in 2012 going into 2013 and we saw it again in 2019. And the very specific things that allegedly have altered in the genome of the beta coronavirus model called SARS CoV, whether it’s SARS CoV1 or MERS or SARS CoV2, those things that have allegedly altered are things that have equally been altered in laboratories, the amplification of the spike protein, the amplification of the Ace-2 receptor, those are all things that were anticipated and done in synthetic exercises in laboratories and we are told that they are the same things that nature figured out at the same time.
We know that Anthony Fauci has been pouring a lot of money into this. Since he took over NIAID, the public record indicates that he has had about $191 billion that has flowed through NIAID. And that money has come not only from the National Institutes of Health appropriations but it has also come from the Department of Defense and the bioweapons and bio-terror programs that were instituted after 2001. So there has been a lot of money going through NIAID… and an enormous amount of it has gone into coronavirus and other pathogens.
What we found interesting was that in 2016 (published online March 15, 2016) there was a publication that came out involving (the same) people who are very intimately involved with the current situation, which in fact stated that a SARS-like Wuhan Institute of Virology 1 CoV (WIV1-CoV) poised for human emergence. Just sit with this for a minute. On March 15, 2016, we actually have a publication in which we are told that there is a Wuhan Institute of Virology pathogen poised for human emergence. So do you think it was any surprise to a person who has been monitoring this since 1999 that when I heard in December of 2019 that there was allegedly a novel pneumonia strain happening in Wuhan?
Do you think it was a surprise that I actually thought, “Hmm, nature, yeah, nature must have done that,” when I actually have not only the article that states that the Wuhan Institute of Virology coronavirus was poised for human emergence but I actually see that the individuals associated with that are individuals that since 2012 have been working in collaboration with DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Agency) and the US AMRID and other agencies and have been funded significantly by a number of foundations to work on development of vaccine templates and platforms and treatment templates and platforms for, are you ready for this, SARS coronavirus outbreaks. And they have gone as far as to make statements about the accidental or intentional release of a respiratory pathogen.”
Video: Graphene Oxide: A Toxic Substance in the Vial of the COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine
We bring to the attention of Global Research readers this important interview with Ricardo Delgado Martin, Founder and Director of Quinta Columna. Ricardo is responsible for coordinating the Spanish research team’s analysis of the impacts of graphene oxide nano-particles contained in the vial of the mRNA vaccine.
The results of their analysis by electron microscopy and spectroscopy are far-reaching. Graphene oxide is a toxin which triggers thrombi and blood coagulation. It also has an impact on the immune system. Graphene oxide accumulated in the lungs can have devastating impacts.
The results of the Spanish study suggest, yet to be fully confirmed and ascertained, that the recorded vaccine related deaths and “adverse events” (e.g. published in the US by the CDC and in the EU) are attributable to the presence of graphene oxide nano-particles contained in the Covid vaccine vial.
Of significance, (acknowledged by national health authorities) graphene oxide is also contained in the face mask.
Graphene has electromagnetic properties which have been detected in people who have been vaccinated. These effects have been amply documented and confirmed. See the study conducted by the European Forum for Vaccine Vigilance
Ricardo Delgado Martin is specialized in biostatistics, clinical microbiology, clinical genetics and immunology.
For further details on this project see the report by Prof. Dr. Pablo Campra Madrid, specialized in Chemistry and Biology, Escuela Superior de Ingenería, University of Almería.
See summary of their report entitled Graphene Oxide Detection in Aqueous Suspension, Observational study in Optical and Electron Microscopy.
Speaking on behalf of the Spanish research team, Ricardo Delgado Martin recommends that the covid-19 experimental mRNA vaccine should be cancelled and discontinued immediately.
This is a controversial study. There are scientists and medical doctors who disagree with the results of the Spanish study.
The evidence has to be either ascertained or refuted. What is required is that independent scientists and health professionals conduct their own lab analysis of the contents of the vaccine vial.
Similarly, we call upon the national health authorities of the 193 member states of the UN which are currently vaccinating their people, to conduct their own study and analysis of the vaccine vial. And if graphene-oxide is detected, the vaccination program should immediately be discontinued.
Confirmed by Health Canada, Graphene-Oxide particles are also contained in the Face Mask which is intended to protect you.
By Prof Michel Chossudovsky, July 14, 2021
“The wearing of the face mask started in the immediate wake of the covid-19 lockdown on March 11, 2020. Worldwide, people have been instructed to wear the mask for more than a year.
And then one year later, we are told that in some cases it may contain a poisonous substance.
According to Health Canada: “There is a potential that wearers could inhale graphene particles from some masks, which may pose health risks.””
By Andrew Maynard, July 12, 2021
“Given all that we know about the pulmonary toxicity of engineered nanoparticles, and the uncertainty over the inhalation risks of graphene, surely someone should have asked this question when developing graphene-containing masks.
When airborne nanoparticles are inhaled and penetrate to the lower regions of the lungs (the alveolar region), they can elicit a response that’s more closely associated with the number or surface area of the particles than their mass. And because of this, very small quantities of material have the potential to cause a lot of harm — much more than you might imagine from the mass of material alone.”
The “Killer Vaccine” Worldwide. 7.9 Billion People
The Covid-19 Vaccine should be Halted and Discontinued Immediately Worldwide
Let us be under no illusions, it’s not only “experimental”, it’s a Big Pharma “killer vaccine” which modifies the human genome. The evidence of mortality and morbidity resulting from vaccine inoculation both present (official data) and future (e.g. undetected microscopic blood clots) is overwhelming.
Numerous scientific studies published independently confirm the nature of the Covid-19 mRNA vaccine which is being imposed on all humanity.
The stated objective is to enforce the Worldwide vaccination of 7.9 billion people in more than 190 countries, to be followed by the imposition of a digitized “vaccine passport”. Needless to say this is a multi-billion dollar operation for Big Pharma.
Bill Gates and WHO’s Director General Dr. Tedros
The global vaccine project entitled COVAX is coordinated Worldwide by the WHO, GAVI, CEPI, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in liaison with the World Economic Forum (WEF), the Wellcome Trust, DARPA and Big Pharma which is increasingly dominated by the Pfizer-GSK partnership established barely four months before the onset of the Covid-19 crisis in early January 2020.
The Covid-19 Timeline
Fake figures of covid-19 positive cases and covid-19 related deaths. Lies upon lies.
There is a complex timeline. The covid crisis is marked by several stages leading up to the implementation of mass vaccination Worldwide in December 2020.
A fake Worldwide Public Health Emergency (PHEIC) was announced by the WHO on January 30, 2020 (based on 83 positive cases Worldwide outside China), followed by the onset of the crisis in air travel and international commodity trade (Trump on January 31, 2020), the February 20, 2020 financial crash, the March 11, 2020 lockdown, followed by the second, third waves and fourth waves. When will it end?
For further details on the Timeline see Chapter II of
The 2020-21 Worldwide Corona Crisis: Destroying Civil Society, Engineered Economic Depression, Global Coup d’État and the “Great Reset”
The March 11, 2020 Lockdown and Its Devastating Social and Economic Consequences
Starting on March 11, 2020, 44,279 so-called confirmed RT-PCR “positive cases” (Worldwide out of China) and 1440 Covid deaths were used to justify:
the lockdown and closure of 190 national economies, crisis of the global economy,
extensive corporate bankruptcies in key sectors of economic activity,
the outright elimination of small and medium sized enterprises,
the triggering of poverty and mass unemployment,
social distancing, the face mask, no social and family gatherings,
Devastating impacts of mental health,
an engineered crisis of the national health system,
the closure of schools, colleges and universities,
the closure of museums, concert halls, culture and sport events,
institutional collapse and the disruption of civil society.
The stated objective has always been to save lives. The outcome of these policies have literally destroyed people’s lives. Millions of people Worldwide have been driven into extreme poverty.
And then ten months later the Covid-19 vaccine has come to our rescue.
It was announced in early November 2020 and launched Worldwide in late December.
The fear campaign has spearheaded compliance and acceptance to higher authority.
The mRNA vaccine was presented as an everlasting solution, as a means to curbing the epidemic, saving lives, reopening our shattered national economies and restoring a sense of normality in our daily lives.
A massive propaganda campaign was initiated in support of the vaccine.
A fake promise of a new life. A return to reason and normalcy.
All of this turned out to be an illusion, spearheaded by lies and fabrications.
The ideology of the financial elites and the billionaire foundations was imposed: The vaccine was upheld as a means to carrying out the World Economic Forum’s “Great Reset”:
“You’ll Own Nothing and Be Happy”: a stylized future predicated on debt and extreme poverty coupled with a ‘killer vaccine”.
What is envisaged under “The Great Reset” (Klaus Schwab, image left) is a scenario whereby the global creditors will have appropriated by 2030 the World’s wealth, while impoverishing large sectors of the World Population.
The billionaire elites do not hide their intent. In 2030 “You’ll own nothing, And you’ll be happy.”
Mortality and Morbidity: While there is “No Killer Virus”, there is a “Killer Vaccine”.
The evidence is overwhelming. At the time of writing, almost 20,000 Covid vaccine deaths have been recorded in the European Union (July 17, 2021). In the US the number of registered vaccine related deaths is of the order of 12,000 (July 9, 2021).
According to the EudraVigilance database (July 17, 2021) there were 18,928 deaths and 1,823,219 injuries reported following injections of four experimental COVID-19 shots.
- COVID-19 MRNA VACCINE MODERNA (CX-024414)
- COVID-19 MRNA VACCINE PFIZER-BIONTECH
- COVID-19 VACCINE ASTRAZENECA (CHADOX1 NCOV-19)
- COVID-19 VACCINE JANSSEN (AD26.COV2.S)
From the total of injuries recorded in the EU, “half of them (904,609) are serious injuries“. According to EuroViligance (quoted by by Brian Shilhavy):
“Seriousness … can be classified as ‘serious’ if it corresponds to a medical occurrence that results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalisation, results in another medically important condition, or prolongation of existing hospitalisation, results in persistent or significant disability or incapacity, or is a congenital anomaly/birth defect.”
These are official statistics based on a formal process of registration of deaths and “adverse effects”. The actual number of deaths and injuries triggered by the mRNA vaccine are much higher. Less than ten percent of the victims or families of the deceased will go through the tedious process of reporting vaccine related deaths and injuries to the national health authorities.
According to the latest “official” figures for the EU, Britain and the US (combined), there are 31,389 Covid-19 vaccine related deaths and almost 5 million injuries.
EU/EEA/Switzerland to 17 July 2021 – 18,928 Covid-19 injection related deaths and over 1.8 million injuries, per EudraVigilance Database.
UK to 7 July 2021 -1,470 Covid-19 injection related deaths and over 1 million injuries, per MHRA Yellow Card Scheme.
USA to 9 July 2021 – 10,991 Covid-19 injection related deaths and over 2 million injuries, per VAERS database.
TOTAL for EU/UK/USA – 31,389 Covid-19 injection related deaths and almost 5 million injuries reported so far in July 2021.
Video: Impact of Covid Vaccinations on Mortality (December 2020- April 2021). Selected Countries
Hidden Injuries: The Microscopic Blood Clots
The persons vaccinated will not be immediately aware of the injuries incurred. The latter in most cases are not discernible, nor are they recorded. While “Big Blood Clots” resulting from the vaccine are revealed and reported by those vaccinated, an important study by Canada’s Dr. Charles Hoffe, suggests (yet to be fully confirmed) that the mRNA vaccine generates “microscopic blood clots”.
“The blood clots we hear about which the media claim are very rare are the big blood clots which are the ones that cause strokes and show up on CT scans, MRI, etc.
The clots I’m talking about are microscopic and too small to find on any scan. They can thus only be detected using the D-dimer test.”
“These people have no idea they are even having these microscopic blood clots. The most alarming part of this is that there are some parts of the body like the brain, spinal cord, heart and lungs which cannot re-generate. When those tissues are damaged by blood clots they are permanently damaged.
“These shots are causing huge damage and the worst is yet to come.”
COVID-19 Vaccine Developers Oxford-AstraZeneca Linked To British Eugenics Movement
December 28, 2020
The developers of the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine have previously undisclosed ties to the re-named British Eugenics Society as well as other Eugenics-linked institutions like the Wellcome Trust.
The Landmark COVID-19 Agreement
On April 30th, AstraZeneca and Oxford University announced a “landmark agreement” for the development of a COVID-19 vaccine. The agreement involves AstraZeneca overseeing aspects of the development as well as manufacturing and distribution while the Oxford side, via the Jenner Institute and Oxford Vaccine Group, researched and developed the vaccine. Less than a month after this agreement was reached, the Oxford-AstraZeneca partnership was awarded a contract from the US government as part of Operation Warp Speed, the public-private COVID-19 vaccination effort dominated by the US military and US intelligence.
Though the partnership was announced in April, Oxford’s Jenner Institute had already begun developing the COVID-19 vaccine months before, in mid-January. According to a recent BBC report, it was in January that the Jenner Institute first became aware of how serious the pandemic would soon become, when Professor Andrew Pollard, who works for both the Jenner Institute and heads the Oxford Vaccine Group, “shared a taxi with a modeler who worked for the UK’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies.” During the taxi ride, “the scientist told him data suggested there was going to be a pandemic not unlike the 1918 flu.” Due to this sole encounter, we are told, the Jenner Institute then began to pour millions into the early development of a vaccine for COVID-19 well before the scope of the crisis was clear.
For much of 2020, the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine was treated as an early front-runner, though its lead would later be marred by scandals related to its clinical trials, including the death of participants, sudden trial pauses, the use of a problematic “placebo” with its own host of side effects and the “unintentional” mis-dosing of some participants that skewed its self-reported efficacy rate.
The significant issues that emerged during trials have provoked little concern from the vaccine’s two lead developers, despite critical attention from even mainstream media of its complications. The lead developer of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine, Adrian Hill, told NBC on December 9th that the experimental vaccine should be approved and distributed to the public before the conclusion of the safety trials, saying,”to wait for the end of the trial would be the middle of next year. That’s too late, this vaccine is effective, available at large scale and easily deployed.”
While the controversies surrounding the vaccine’s trials did ultimately undermine its previous frontrunner status, the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine remains heavily promoted as the vaccine of choice for the developing world, as it is cheaper and has much less complicated storage requirement than its main competitors, Pfizer and Moderna.
Yet, arguably most troubling of all is the direct link of the vaccine’s lead developers to the Wellcome Trust and, in the case of Adrian Hill, the Galton Institute, two groups with longstanding ties to the UK Eugenics movement. The latter organization, named for the “father of eugenics” Francis Galton, is the re-named UK Eugenics Society, a group notorious for its promotion of racist pseudoscience and efforts to “improve racial stock” by reducing the population of those deemed inferior for over a century.
The ties of Adrian Hill to the Galton Institute should raise obvious concerns given the push to make the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine he developed with Gilbert the vaccine of choice for the developing world, particularly countries in Latin America, South and Southeast Asia and Africa, the very areas where the Galton Institute’s past members have called for reducing population growth.
In the final installment of this series on Operation Warp Speed, the US government’s vaccination effort, and race, the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine’s ties to Eugenics-linked institutions, the secretive role of Vaccitech, and the myth of the vaccine’s sale being “non-profit” and altruistically motivated are explored in detail.
GlaxoSmithKline and the Jenner Institute
The Edward Jenner Institute for Vaccine Research was initially established in 1995 in Compton in Berkshire as a public-private partnership between the UK government, via the Medical Research Council and the Department of Health, and the pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline. Following a “review by the [institute’s] sponsors,” it was relaunched in 2005 in Oxford under the leadership of Adrian Hill, who—prior to that appointment—held a senior position at the Wellcome Trust’s Centre for Human Genetics.
Hill, the lead developer of the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine, still leads a research group at Wellcome aimed at “understand[ing] the genetic basis of susceptibility to different infectious diseases, especially. . . severe respiratory infections,” which conducts most of its studies in Africa. The UK’s Medical Research Council has also become a collaborator with the Wellcome Trust, specifically on vaccine-related initiatives. The Wellcome Trust, discussed at greater length later in this article, was originally created with funding from Henry Wellcome, who founded the company that later became GlaxoSmithKline.
Hill’s partner at the Jenner Institute and the other co-developer of the Oxford COVID-19 vaccine is Sarah Gilbert. Gilbert also hails from the Wellcome Trust, where she was a “program director,” and is a student of Hill’s. Together, Gilbert and Hill have worked to position the institute to be the center of all future vaccination efforts undertaken in response to global pandemics.
An investigation conducted by the British Medical Journal found that the Hill-led Jenner Institute had, in the South African instance, knowingly misled parents about the negative results of and questionable methods used in animal studies as well the vaccine being known to be ineffective. The vaccine in question, an experimental tuberculosis vaccine developed jointly by Emergent Biosolutions and the Jenner Institute, was scrapped after the controversial study in infants confirmed what was already known, that the vaccine was ineffective. The trial, largely funded by Oxford and the Wellcome Trust, was subsequently praised as “historic” by the BBC. Hill, at the time the study was conducted, had a personal financial stake in the vaccine.
Unsurprisingly, the Vaccines Network has steered many millions of pounds toward the Hill-run Jenner Institute, with completed projects including a “plug and display” virus-like particle platform for rapid-response vaccination. Also funded by the Vaccines Network were the Jenner Institute’s initial studies of novel chimpanzee adenovirus vaccines for coronavirus (in this case, MERS), the same viral vector used for the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine. In addition to the Vaccines Network, the Jenner Institute also coordinates the efforts of the EU’s Vaccines Network equivalent, MultiMalVax.
US government officials such as Anthony Fauci have also signaled that the COVID-19 vaccine will require annual shots. Notably, the government, through Health and Human Service’s BARDA, has poured over $1 billion into the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine development. In addition to government officials, several recently published mainstream media reports have claimed that the “expert” consensus “seem[s] to be leaning toward an annual shot like the flu vaccine” with regards to the COVID-19 vaccine. For instance, Dr. Charles Chiu, a professor of infectious diseases at the University of California–San Francisco, recently told Salon, “This may end up being a vaccine that’s not a one-time thing or even a two-time thing. . .it may end up being what we call either a seasonal vaccine, or vaccine that needs to be administered every couple of years.”
Such hints about an annual COVID-19 vaccine from 2021 onwards have recently become commonplace from the leading COVID-19 vaccine manufacturers themselves. For instance, on December 13th, Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla was quoted by the Telegraph as saying, “How long this [vaccine] protection lasts is something we don’t know … I think it is a likely scenario that you will need periodical vaccinations.” Pfizer also recently issued a statement that noted that “we don’t know how the virus will change, and we also don’t know how durable the protective effect of any vaccination will be,” adding that its vaccine would be suitable “for repeated administration as booster shots” in the event that the vaccine only induces an immune response for a few months.
Of even greater concern, last year Science Mag reported that Wellcome was accused by both a whistleblower and the University of Cape Town South Africa of illegally exploiting hundreds of Africans by “commercializing a gene chip without proper legal agreements and without the consent of the hundreds of African people whose donated DNA was used to develop the chip.” Jantina de Vries, a bioethicist at the University of Cape Town South Africa told the journal that it was “clearly unethical.” Since the controversy, other African institutions and peoples such as the indigenous Nama peoples of Namibia have demanded that Wellcome return the DNA it collected.
Slightly modified and rebranded as Jadelle, the dangerous drug was promoted in Africa by the Gates Foundation in conjunction with USAID and EngenderHealth. Formerly named the Sterilization League for Human Betterment, EngenderHealth’s original mission, inspired by racial eugenics, was to “improve the biological stock of the human race.” Jadelle is not approved by the FDA for use in the United States.
Another scandal-ridden LARC is Pfizer’s Depo-Provera, an injectable contraceptive used in several African and Asian countries. The Gates Foundation and USAID have collaborated to fund this drug’s distribution and introduce it into the health-care systems of countries including Uganda, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Bangladesh, and India.
The Galton Institute: Eugenics for the Twenty-First Century
Both the Wellcome Trust and Adrian Hill share a close relationship with the most infamous eugenics society in Europe, the British Eugenics Society. The Eugenics Society was renamed the Galton Institute in 1989, a name that pays homage to Sir Francis Galton, the so-called father of eugenics, a field that he often described as the “science of improving racial stock.”
Sanger, known as the “pioneer of the American birth control movement,” was a staunch advocate for promoting “racial betterment” and the key architect of the Negro Project, which she claimed “was established for the benefit of the colored people.” But as medical ethics fellow at Harvard Medical School, Harriet Washington, argues in her book Medical Apartheid, “The Negro Project sought to find the best way to reduce the black population by promoting eugenic principals.” Sanger was an American member of the British Eugenics Society.
Another early member of the Galton Institute was John Harvey Kellogg, prominent business man and eugenicist. Kellogg founded the Race Betterment Foundation and argued that immigrants and nonwhites would damage the American gene pool. Yet another example is Charles Davenport, a scientist known for his collaborative research efforts with eugenicists in Nazi Germany and his contributions to Nazi Germany’s brutal racial policies, who was vice president of the Galton Institute in 1931.
Considering these facts, and the case for scrutinizing the safety of Oxford-AstraZeneca’s “affordable” vaccine option made above, any harm caused by vaccine allocation policy in the US and beyond is likely to disproportionately affect poor communities, especially communities of color.
As such, the public should take all vaccine rollout policy with a grain of salt, even when they come cloaked in language of inclusion, racial justice, and public health preservation. As the co-founder of the American Eugenics Society (later renamed “Society for the Study of Social Biology”) Frederick Osborn put it in 1968, “Eugenic goals are most likely to be attained under a name other than eugenics.”
William Whitten is an autodidact , polymath, epistemic maverick & artist